Construction employment increased in 212 of 358 metro areas between September 2022 and 2023, according to an analysis by the Associated General Contractors of America of new government employment data. Association officials said the figures come as many construction firms work to find new ways to recruit and retain enough workers to keep pace with demand.

“The number of metros adding construction employees has slipped in recent months,” said Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist. “But contractors continue to report they are busy and have large backlogs, so the decline in metros with job gains probably reflects the dearth of qualified unemployed workers, not weaker demand.”

Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas, added the most construction jobs (17,300 jobs, or 11 percent), followed by New York City (15,200 jobs, 10 percent); Baton Rouge, Louisiana (9,000 jobs, 19 percent); Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, Oregon-Washington (8,700 jobs, 11 percent); and Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, Georgia (7,300 jobs, 5 percent). The largest percentage gains were in Baton Rouge, followed by Corvallis, Oregon (13 percent, 200 jobs); Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, Arkansas-Missouri (11 percent, 1,600 jobs); Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro and Dallas-Plano-Irving.

Construction employment declined over the year in 78 metro areas and was unchanged in 68 areas. The largest job loss occurred in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas (-8,800 jobs, -4 percent), followed by Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Florida (-4,700 jobs, -9 percent); St. Louis (-4,500 jobs, -6 percent); Nassau County-Suffolk County, New York (-4,100 jobs, -5 percent); and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, California (-2,400 jobs, -6 percent). The largest percentage decrease occurred in Kankakee, Illinois (-13 percent, -200 jobs), followed by Bay City, Michigan (-12 percent, -200 jobs); Pittsfield, Massachusetts (-9 percent, -200 jobs); Binghamton, New York (-9 percent, -400 jobs); and Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall.

Association officials noted that member firms are finding new ways to recruit workers amid ongoing tight labor market conditions. They noted that construction employers are modernizing the way they recruit, including using digital advertising and building partnerships with local school districts. They added that the association is supporting those recruiting efforts with its own advertising campaigns and resources, like Culture of Care, to help members better retain workers.

“Construction firms are going to great lengths to recruit and prepare enough workers to keep pace with demand,” said Stephen E. Sandherr, the association’s chief executive officer. “We are working with those firms to help encourage more people to pursue high-paying careers in construction.”